Fredericton is the capital, Greater Moncton is the largest metropolitan (CMA) area and the most populous city.
The majority of the population is English-speaking, but there is also a large Francophone minority (33%), chiefly of Acadian origin.
The current premier of the province is Brian Gallant.
The next French contact was in 1604, when a party led by Pierre du Gua de Monts and Samuel de Champlain set up camp for the winter on St. The colony relocated the following year across the Bay of Fundy to Port Royal, Nova Scotia.
Over the next 150 years, a number of other French settlements and seigneuries were founded in the area occupied by present-day New Brunswick, including along the Saint John River, the upper Bay of Fundy region, in the Tantramar Marshes at Beaubassin, and finally at St. The whole maritime region (and parts of Maine) was at that time claimed by France and was designated as the colony of Acadia.
A major French fortification, the Fortress of Louisbourg, was also built on Île Royale (now Cape Breton Island) after Queen Anne's War, but the function of this fort was mostly to defend the approaches to the colony of Canada, not the lost province of Acadia.